文章摘要
景璟.社区老年人群轻度认知障碍发生情况及其相关危险因素调查分析[J].安徽医药,待发表.
社区老年人群轻度认知障碍发生情况及其相关危险因素调查分析
投稿时间:2021-12-09  录用日期:2022-01-05
DOI:
中文关键词: 社区  老年  轻度认知障碍  发生情况  危险因素
英文关键词: 
基金项目:乌鲁木齐市卫生健康委科技计划项目合同编号202113
作者单位地址
景璟 景璟 新疆乌鲁木齐市胜利路558号友谊医院
摘要点击次数: 67
全文下载次数: 0
中文摘要:
      【摘要】目的 分析社区老年人群轻度认知障碍发生情况及其相关危险因素。方法 通过整群抽样的方法于2019年3月~2021年10月抽取乌鲁木齐市友谊医院下属社区老年人群560例,根据老年人群轻度认知障碍发生情况将其分为轻度认知障碍组(n=155)和认知正常组(n=405),通过调查表收集其一般资料。计算轻度认知障碍发生率,比较两组的一般资料,通过多因素Logistic回归分析法分析社区老年人群轻度认知障碍发生的相关危险因素。结果 560例社区老年人群发生轻度认知障碍155例,社区老年人群轻度认知障碍发生率为27.68%(155/560)。轻度认知障碍组年龄及合并心脑血管疾病、文化程度初中及以下、职业体力劳动为主、居住情况独居、吸烟、饮酒、睡眠时间≤6 h、运动时间≤1 h/周、阅读次数≤3次/周的患者比例均高于认知正常组(P<0.05)。多因素Logistic分析结果显示,年龄高、文化程度初中及以下、职业体力劳动为主、居住情况独居、睡眠时间≤6 h、阅读次数≤3次/周为社区老年人群轻度认知障碍发生的相关危险因素(OR=4.154、2.158、4.536、3.043、1.923、4.080,P<0.05)。结论 社区老年人群轻度认知障碍发生率较高,与年龄高、文化程度初中及以下、职业体力劳动为主、居住情况独居、睡眠时间≤6 h、阅读次数≤3次/周等因素息息相关,应尽早采取措施以阻止社区老年人群轻度认知障碍的发生。
英文摘要:
      [Abstract] Objective To analyze the occurrence of mild cognitive impairment and related risk factors in the elderly in the community. Methods A cluster sampling method was used to extract 560 elderly from the community of Urumqi friendship hospital from March 2019 to October 2021. They were divided into the mild cognitive impairment group (n=155) and the cognitively normal group (n=405) according to the occurrence of mild cognitive impairment in the elderly, their general information through a questionnaire was collected. The incidence of mild cognitive impairment was calculated, the general data of the two groups were compared, and the related risk factors of mild cognitive impairment in the elderly in the community were analyzed by multivariate Logistic regression analysis. Results There were 155 cases of mild cognitive impairment in 560 elderly people in the community, and the incidence of mild cognitive impairment in the elderly in the community was 27.68% (155/560). In the mild cognitive impairment group the age was higher than that of the cognition normal group, the ratio of combined with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, junior high school education and below, occupational manual labor, living alone, smoking, drinking, time of sleeping≤6 h, time of exercise≤1 h/week, reading frequency ≤3 times/week were higher than those of the cognition normal group (P<0.05). The results of multivariate Logistic analysis showed that high age, junior high school education and below, occupational manual labor, living alone, time of sleeping≤6 h, and reading frequency≤3 times/week were the related risk factors of the occurrence of mild cognitive impairment in the elderly in the community (OR=4.154, 2.158, 4.536, 3.043, 1.923, 4.080, P<0.05). Conclusion The incidence of mild cognitive impairment in the elderly in the community was high, which was closely related to factors such as high age, junior high school education and below, occupational manual labor, living alone, time of sleep≤6 h, reading frequency≤3 times/week, and measures should be taken as soon as possible to prevent the occurrence of mild cognitive impairment in the elderly in the community.
  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭

分享按钮